Kyle Schwarber: Investigating the Sabermetric Enigma

Phillies’ Outfielder Kyle Schwarber: licensed underneath CC BY-SA 4.0

Baseball is a humorous sport. It has easy statistics that typically let you know the entire story, then different instances let you know completely nothing. What occurs when the easy stats, in reality, let you know nothing? In that case, you dig deeper into the superior stats, which might begin to let you know the entire story, however might go away you wanting extra. So what if neither easy nor superior stats provide the reply you might be in search of? Then you’ve gotten a possibility to construct your personal narrative about stated participant. There’s an MLB participant within the 2023 season who has roughly transcended statistics, analytics, metrics, and another quantifiable piece of information. The typical baseball fan has heard of him, however in all probability hasn’t given him a lot thought. The baseball purists and baseball nerds alike have a love-hate relationship with the participant. All of it depends upon the side of his sport you might be analyzing. The query is, is Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Kyle Schwarber an above-average participant?

To reply this broad, barely provocative query, we should first quantify what it means to be above-average at baseball. Baseball Savant and Baseball Reference are two of essentially the most well-respected baseball web sites on the web, so all statistics will probably be from one or each of those sources. Baseball Savant provides up 4 essential classes, every with numerous stats and a gamers’ respective percentile rating amongst certified Main League Baseball gamers. Additionally current on Savant is Statcast knowledge, which is especially pertinent to the topic of this case examine, as he started his profession after the implication of Statcast. Baseball Reference provides extra easy, floor worth stats, in addition to boiled down worth and defensive metrics. All attainable metrics will probably be taken under consideration to evaluate the expertise of Schwarber as precisely as attainable.

Coming off of a monster power-hitting season by which he led the Nationwide League in residence runs with 46, many informal baseball followers would simply name Kyle Schwarber an above-average participant and transfer on. On the floor, this may occasionally appear honest, as Schwarber is at present on tempo to finest his 2022 profession excessive residence run complete in 2023, however a fast take a look at his batting common and strikeout numbers will make an off-the-cuff fan start to rethink their reward. Schwarber is at present main the majors in complete strikeouts after he did it in 2022 as nicely. Schwarber is a superb instance of a 3 true end result hitter, the three true outcomes being a stroll, a strikeout, or a house run. Since his MLB debut in 2015, Schwarber has compiled 753 hits, 242 of them being residence runs. Because of this 32% of Schwarber’s hits have been residence runs, an absurd proportion. For comparability, Barry Bonds had 26% of his hits go away the yard, and Adam Dunn, the final word three true end result hitter, noticed 28% of his hits be residence runs.

When it comes to hitting residence runs, Schwarber is in elite firm. Baseball Savant knowledge helps this declare, with Schwarber rating within the 92nd percentile for common exit velocity, the ninety fifth percentile for barrel proportion, and the 89th percentile for hard-hit proportion. Statcast exhibits Schwarber’s 2023 common exit velocity as 92.4 mph, nearly 4 mph larger than the MLB common. Schwarber has been an exit velocity king over the previous 5 years, rating within the high 10% of MLB in common exit velocity in each season. Most exit velocity tells the identical story, as Schwarber has been a constant identify within the high 8% for seven years in a row, together with his profession excessive of 117.6 mph off the bat in 2019.

Nevertheless, whereas it seems as if Schwarber is having a profession yr, his anticipated numbers say that he must be even higher. Schwarber is considerably undercutting his anticipated batting common (xBA), xSLG, and anticipated weighted on-base common (xWOBA). In line with Statcast, Schwarber’s slashline ought to look nearer to .224/.369/.489 than his precise slashline of .199/.348/.478. Whereas the variations will not be wildly vital, the anticipated numbers positively present that Schwarber may very well be having a greater season on the plate.

One among Schwarber’s extra evident weaknesses are his unbelievably excessive swing-and-miss and strikeout numbers. Schwarber’s 29.1 strikeout proportion is the ninth highest in all of baseball, and his beforehand acknowledged 190 complete Okay’s have him slotted in to steer the MLB for a second season in a row. Schwarber additionally ranks within the backside fifth of certified hitters in each whiff proportion and Okay proportion, and successfully refuses to cease hanging out. It’s price declaring, nevertheless, that neither Schwarber’s zone swing and miss % nor his out of zone swing and miss % are absurdly excessive in comparison with the remainder of the league. When mixed along with his high 5 rating in stroll proportion and high 2 rating in stroll totals (behind solely Juan Soto), it’s cheap to say that a lot of Schwarber’s strikeouts will be attributed to an inclination to be somewhat too affected person on the plate.

Baseball Savant credit Schwarber with an 89th percentile rating in batting run worth, which is considerably above league common. Schwarber additionally totes a 123 OPS+ in 2023, in addition to a 121 WRC+. Clearly, regardless of the low batting common and excessive strikeout tendencies, Schwarber is a really gifted hitter. The query, nevertheless, is whether or not he’s an above-average baseball participant. This implies a examine of all 5 instruments: hitting for contact, hitting for energy, fielding, throwing and operating. Schwarber has the ability on the expense of his contact, however what concerning the different three instruments?

Schwarber has by no means been often known as a pace menace on the bases, and that’s mirrored in his stolen base numbers exterior of 2022. In 2022, Schwarber was really fairly efficient on the basepaths, taking 10 baggage and solely getting caught as soon as within the common season. This continued into the postseason, as Schwarber swiped two extra baggage within the NLCS and one within the World Collection with out getting caught. The remainder of his profession exhibits that this was an outlier, nevertheless. Excluding 2022, Schwarber has stolen simply 12 bases, whereas getting caught 13 instances. Total, Schwarber’s baserunning is actually a non-factor, and subsequently will not be a instrument that he has to lean on.

Within the subject, Schwarber is objectively one of many worst defenders within the sport. For starters, the attention take a look at makes it fairly clear that he’s not who you need within the outfield. Digging into the numbers, Schwarber ranks within the first percentile in fielding run worth, which is measured utilizing final zone score. He additionally ranks out within the first percentile for outs above common, which measures vary within the outfield on a constant scale. Fangraphs slates him lifeless final when it comes to UZR, and provides him a defensive score of -24.5. This score is so dangerous that you could primarily cancel out his total offensive manufacturing score (16.5) and he would nonetheless rank worse than perennial dangerous defenders Alec Bohm, Rafael Devers, and Christian Yelich. In 2023, Schwarber amassed an astounding -21 defensive runs saved (simply the worst in baseball), and added -19 OAA, additionally lifeless final as of the writing of this piece. Whereas he has proven an honest arm prior to now, Statcast exhibits an eleventh percentile arm worth, in addition to arm energy within the twenty fifth percentile. Some outfielders can considerably make up for dangerous protection with an excellent arm or good pace (ex. Ronald Acuna, Jr.), however Schwarber doesn’t have both to lean on.

Finally, Kyle Schwarber is baseball’s sabermetric enigma. Baseball Reference provides him only a 0.5 bWAR, however it’s damaged down in such a approach that it may be arduous to fathom. Schwarber has amassed 2.7 bWAR on the plate, however his protection lacks thus far behind that it has introduced him down to only above 0. Total, in case your group wants a chosen hitter within the lineup to hit residence runs and get on base at a excessive clip, Kyle Schwarber is a good match. Sadly, the best way the Philadelphia Phillies have used him within the 2023 season have made him look lower than stellar. So is Kyle Schwarber an above common baseball participant? In a vacuum, no. He’s lower than succesful in 4 of the 5 primary expertise required to play baseball, and the one instrument he does have merely doesn’t cancel out the negatives in his sport. With the context of the DH place and the evolution of the sport nevertheless, it may very well be stated that Schwarber is clearly an above-average MLB participant. Therefore the enigma of Phillies’ outfielder Kyle Schwarber.